What if – without our realization – all the characters in our movies actually have self-consciousness, and they *think* they have free will?
Quick sort: Know your position.
Selection sort: Be the best.
Bubble sort: Gold will glitter, eventually.
Merge sort: Teamwork.
Framing effect refers to the phenomenon that people react differently to the same piece of information, due to how the information is presented – in terms of loss, or in terms of gain. An example in poker would be: Suppose a player is considering investing 5k into a 5k pot. He could be thinking ‘If I invest, I could earn 5k’ (positive frame), or ‘If I invest, I could lose 5k’ (negative frame). Research has found that people tend to avoid risk when a positive frame is presented (‘I may win 5k, but this is risky, and I don’t want to take the risk’), but seek risks when a negative frame is presented (‘I may lose 5k, although it’s risky, I want to take the risk’).
I can see how this affects decision making for someone who is unclear about his goals. Now my question is: if someone is clear about his goals (e.g., a good poker player), could framing still affect him?
A good poker player is required to prioritize his goals in almost every single minute – Is this a tournament that I want to ‘win big or go home’, or just cash? Is this a stage that I need to accumulate more chips, or just sit and watch the endangered players being eliminated? Is it more important for me to win this pot, or I can’t afford to lose more chips? Once he understands his priorities, he will know which one is more important – gain or loss – and make decisions accordingly.
Better still, if a player is really that good, he can totally use the framing effect to his advantage – if he wants to encourage himself to take more risks, he could think in terms of negative frames; and when he wants to remind himself to avoid risk, he resorts to positive frames.
Research is suggesting that, ‘it’s not what we say, it’s how we say it’. The sound of our voices – such as pitch and accent – affect how we are perceived by others. In other words, the same statement, if voiced in different ways, could be understood differently. So someone could be totally having great opinion and intentions, but just because he is not good at delivery, his opinion or intentions are discounted, or even misunderstood. This is actually sad. It’s the content, not the form, that matters, isn’t it? Could we ask every time, before we make any judgements or grow any emotions, ‘what is this person really trying to say’, and ‘what is this person’s intention’, instead of ‘what is felt’?
Today I donated some of my nicest dresses and shoes. I almost cried when I walked away. Some of these were my favorite, brought from all over the world, and kept despite many times of moving and filtering. However, today I decided that everything that hasn’t been worn for at least once in the past year should go. I don’t need more clothes than I can wear. Sadly for girls, ‘like’ and ‘need’ are easily confused concepts. We are prone to collect things that we like, not things that we need. It’s very hard and sad to let go things that we like, even though we haven’t worn them for a long time, and we don’t know when we will wear them again… :(